Silex Sandstone

Technical Data Sheet
Silex Sandstone
Pond Quarry
Harley Head Farm, Hipperholme,Halifax, W Yorks, HX3 8BW
Contact : Pond Quarry Stone Co
Tel. 01484 400899
Grid reference : —- —-
Compiled May 2000

This data sheet was compiled by the Building Research Establishment (BRE). It is based on current tests carried out at BRE (2000). The data sheet was compiled in May 2000. The work was carried out by BRE as part of a Partners in Technology Programme funded by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions and Pond Quarry Stone Co. and does not represent an endorsement of the stone by BRE.

Pond Quarry is near Halifax, West Yorkshire.

Silex stone is a sandstone from the Coal Measures of Carboniferous Age.

Expected Durability and Performance
It is important that the results from the individual tests are not viewed in isolation. They should be considered together and compared to the performance of the stone in existing buildings and other uses. Sandstone is traditionally acknowledged as generally being a very durable building and paving stone and has been used extensively in many towns and cities in the UK. Silex sandstone appears to be a durable stone that will have good resistance to acid rain or air pollution. In addition, the low weight loss in the sodium sulphate crystallisation test indicates high resistance to salt damage (for example in coastal locations or from de-icing salts). From the small strength losses in the frost test the stone should also have good frost resistance. The compressive and flexural strength of the stone is at the upper end for a sandstone and is high comparable with many sandstones. The density and compressive strength indicate that the stone should be suitable for use in heavily trafficked areas.

Overall, Silex should be suitable for use in most aspects of construction including flooring, paving, load bearing masonry and cladding. Traditionally the stone is worked for paving. The stone is suitable for areas where a long service life is needed.

Test Results – Silex Sandstone

in Use
Slip Resistance (Note 1)


Values > 40 are considered
Abrasion Resistance
(Note 1)

Not tested

Values <23.0 are considered
suitable for use in heavily trafficked
under load
1) Compression(Note 2)

166.4 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the
bedding plane ambient humidity
2) Bending (Note 1)

22.7  MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the
bedding plane
ambient humidity

Not tested

Loaded parallel to the
bedding plane
ambient humidity
and Water Absorption
1) Porosity (Note 3)


2) Saturation Coefficient (Note 3)


3) Water Absorption

2.5 % (by wt)

4) Bulk specific gravity


Resistance to Frost 
Flexural strength
Freeze/Thaw Test (Note 1)

18.7 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the
bedding plane
ambient humidity

to Salt
Sodium Sulphate Crystallisation Test
(Note 3) 

-1.05% Mean wt loss

Resistance to Acidity 
Acid Immersion Test(Note 4)


(Test methods Note 1 = EN 1341, Note 2 = EN 1342, Note 3 = EN 1341 /BRE 141, Note 4 = BRE 141)

Tests were carried out at BRE in 2000

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