Naylor Hill Sandstone

Technical Data Sheet
Naylor Hill Sandstone
Naylor Hill Quarry
Dennis Gillson & Son (Haworth), Naylor Hill Quarries
Blackmoor Rd, Haworth, W. Yorkshire, BD22 9SU.
Contact : Dennis Gillson & Son (Haworth),
Email : [email protected]
Website :
Tel. 01535 643317
Grid Reference : SE 040 364
Compiled May 2000

This data sheet was compiled by the Building Research Establishment (BRE). It is based on data from current tests at BRE (2000). The data sheet was compiled in May 2000. The work was carried out by BRE as part of a Partners in Technology Programme funded by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions and Gillson & son (Haworth) Ltd and does not represent an endorsement of the stone by BRE.

Naylor Hill Quarry is a situated near Keighley has been in operation for 70 years with the saw works and quarry workings. The working face is some 20 m high. Quarried block sizes are up to 2 x 3 x 1.5 m. There are good reserves of stone.

Naylor Hill Sandstone is a medium grained yellow/buff or grey buff brown coloured sandstone with rose banding from the Millstone Grit of Carboniferous age.

Expected Durability and Performance
It is important that the results from the individual tests are not viewed in isolation. They should be considered together and compared to the performance of the stone in existing buildings and other uses. Sandstone is traditionally acknowledged as generally being a very durable building and paving stone and has been used extensively in many towns and cities in the UK. Naylor Hill sandstone appears to be a durable stone that has good resistance to acid rain or air pollution. In addition, the negligible weight loss in the sodium sulphate crystallisation test indicates good resistance to salt damage (for example in coastal locations or from de-icing salts). The compressive and flexural strength of the stone is high for a sandstone and should also have good frost resistance. The density and compressive strength indicate that the stone has good abrasion resistance and should be suitable for use in heavily trafficked areas.

Overall, Naylor Hill Sandstone should be suitable for use in most aspects of construction including flooring, paving, and load bearing masonry. The stone should be suitable for areas where a long service life is needed. At present , the stone is mainly used for paving and not normally used for cladding.

Test Results – Naylor Hill sandstone

in Use
Slip Resistance (Note 1) 


Wet. Values > 40 are considered
Abrasion Resistance
(Note 1)

Not tested

Values <23.0 are considered
suitable for use in heavily trafficked
under load
1) Compression(Note 2) 

139.0 MPa

Loaded perpendicular
to the bedding plane
ambient humidity
2) Bending (Note 1) 

16.4 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the
bedding plane
ambient humidity 

Not tested

Loaded parallel to the
bedding plane
ambient humidity 
and Water Absorption
1) Porosity (Note 3) 


2) Saturation Coefficient (Note 3)


3) Water Absorption

2.4% (by wt)

4) Bulk specific gravity


Resistance to Frost 
strength after
Freeze/Thaw Test (Note 1) 

10.4 MPa

Loaded perpendicular
to the bedding plane
ambient humidity
to Salt
Sodium Sulphate Crystallisation Test
(Note 3)

-0.84% Mean wt loss

Resistance to Acidity 
Acid Immersion Test(Note 4)  


(Test methods Note 1 = EN1341, Note 2 = EN 1342, Note 3 = EN 1341 /BRE 141, Note 4 = BRE 141)

Tests were carried out at BRE in 2000

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